SpaceX to launch broadband satellites in 2019

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According to a draft paper written by networking researcher and professor Mark Handley, SpaceX’s Starlink internet satellite constellation has the potential to significantly disrupt the global networking economy and infrastructure and do so with as little as a third of the initial proposal’s 4425 satellites in orbit.

A step or so further, Dr. Handley (according to a University College London colleague) suspects that a network like that proposed by SpaceX could rapidly become “a license to print money” thanks to the tangible benefits it would provide financial institutions and banks – as of today, shaving mere milliseconds off of communications latency can be a serious competitive advantage for traders.

Asked to condense his argument into a few sentences, Dr. Handley’s colleague (Reddit /u/davoloid) described his excitement as such.

A Professor in Computer Science [Mark Handley] who specializes in how networks work has done a simulation of Starlink based on the available information. It will make long distance links very fast, as in, a short delay in sending a message, which we call latency. That’s very important to banks and similar companies, who always want to have the fastest information. They pay a lot of money to create networks, often private ones rather than through regular commercial providers. Even with the first phase of 1600 satellites, there will be big revenues for SpaceX.” – Reddit /u/davoloid, 11/2/18

The first step’s first step

With all 4425 satellites in place, the benefits approach or even surpass theoretical best-case statistics for literal straight-line fiber optic cables. Of course, SpaceX’s true proposal includes yet another 7520 very low Earth orbit (VLEO) Starlink satellites (~350 km) that would more than double the bandwidth available while potentially cutting another huge chunk out of the already unsurpassable latency performance of LEO Starlink (~1100-1300 km).

Of course, a massive amount of work remains before SpaceX before any of the above futures can or are even technically able to come to fruition. Aside from regulatory difficulties and concerns about space debris from a potential ~12,000+ new satellites, SpaceX will have to go one or even two magnitudes beyond what the status quo of satellite manufacturing believes is achievable, mass producing and launching satellites in volumes that will dwarf anything undertaken in the history of spaceflight. Still, if anyone is going to accomplish such an extraordinary feat, one would be hard-pressed to find a better bet than SpaceX.

Satellites will function like a mesh network and deliver gigabit speeds.

SpaceX today said its planned constellation of 4,425 broadband satellites will launch from the Falcon 9 rocket beginning in 2019 and continue launching in phases until reaching full capacity in 2024.

SpaceX gave the Senate Commerce Committee an update on its satellite plans during a broadband infrastructure hearing this morning via testimony by VP of satellite government affairs Patricia Cooper. Satellite Internet access traditionally suffers from high latency, relatively slow speeds, and strict data caps. But as we reported in November, SpaceX says it intends to solve these problems with custom-designed satellites launched into low-Earth orbits.

SpaceX mentioned 2019 as a possible launch date in an application filed with the Federal Communications Commission in November and offered a more specific launch timeline today. Cooper told senators:

Later this year, SpaceX will begin the process of testing the satellites themselves, launching one prototype before the end of the year and another during the early months of 2018. Following successful demonstration of the technology, SpaceX intends to begin the operational satellite launch campaign in 2019. The remaining satellites in the constellation will be launched in phases through 2024, when the system will reach full capacity with the Ka- and Ku-Band satellites. SpaceX intends to launch the system onboard our Falcon 9 rocket, leveraging significant launch cost savings afforded by the first stage reusability now demonstrated with the vehicle.

The 4,425 satellites will “operat[e] in 83 orbital planes (at altitudes ranging from 1,110km to 1,325km),” and “require associated ground control facilities, gateway Earth stations, and end-user Earth stations,” Cooper said. By contrast, the existing HughesNet satellite network has an altitude of about 35,400km, making for a much longer round-trip time than ground-based networks.

SpaceX has also proposed an additional 7,500 satellites operating even closer to the ground, saying that this will boost capacity and reduce latency in heavily populated areas. But Cooper offered no specific timeline for this part of the project.

There were an estimated 1,459 operating satellites orbiting Earth at the end of 2016, and the 4,425 satellites in SpaceX’s planned initial launch would be three times that many. Other companies are also considering large satellite launches, raising concerns about potential collisions and a worsening “space junk problem,” an MIT Technology Review article noted last month.

SpaceX today urged the government to relax regulations related to satellite launches and to include satellite technology in any future broadband infrastructure legislation and funding.

Network design

SpaceX’s satellites will essentially operate as a mesh network and “allocate broadband resources in real time, placing capacity where it is most needed and directing energy away from areas where it might cause interference to other systems, either in space or on the ground,” Cooper said. Satellites will beam directly to gateway stations and terminals at customers’ homes, a strategy that will greatly reduce the amount of infrastructure needed on the ground, particularly in rural and remote areas, she said.

“In other words, the common challenges associated with siting, digging trenches, laying fiber, and dealing with property rights are materially alleviated through a space-based broadband network,” she said.

Customer terminals will be the size of a laptop. While speeds should hit a gigabit per second, SpaceX said it “intends to market different packages of data at different price points, accommodating a variety of consumer demands.” Current satellite ISPs have latencies of 600ms or more, according to FCC measurements, but SpaceX has said its own system will have latencies between 25 and 35ms. That’s better than DSL and similar to several of today’s major cable and fiber systems, according to FCC measurements. The measurements show that the Altice-owned Optimum and Verizon FiOS had latencies of just over 10ms, better than what SpaceX is expecting to achieve.

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SpaceX promised that its satellite technology won’t become stale after launch. The company’s “satellite manufacturing cost profile and in-house launch capability” will allow it to continually update the system’s technology to meet changing customer needs, Cooper said.

Sorry to break it to you but earth is flat http://whale.to/c/flat_earth.html and Musk cia front man
http://mileswmathis.com/musk.pdf

Ball earth hides creation as atheism is essential for authoritarianism which is disguised as a democracy

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Thanks for the links, John. Interesting reading about Musk. He did an unusually long non-scripted interview recently:

The guy writing the PDF about Musk then goes on to say that flat earth is nonsense at the end of the PDF. There are some anomalies raised by the flat earth theory that aren’t easily explained.

Any anomaly is explainable as there is no curvature 120 miles of flatness as pic of Ireland from England

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It’s amazing the rationalisations that come out to hide Matrix hypnosis embedded in yr subconscious

I agree, I mean the flat earth theory brings up some interesting issues that are not easily explained by the ball model.

But there are also questions, such as why flights between Italy and Japan, and South Africa and Australia, both take roughly the same amount of time.

In the ball model, they are roughly the same distance on the northern and southern hemispheres respectively, but according to the flat earth model, South Africa to Australia should be a much longer distance and take a much longer time.

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Source

This was emailed to me today, and is reproduced below:

WE NEED AS MANY SIGNATURES AS POSSIBLE IN THE NEXT MONTH

For the Earth, I thank all of you who have already signed, and I ask each of you to please forward this email to at least 10 others who have not yet signed the International Appeal to Stop 5G on Earth and in Space. We are gathering volunteers from around the world who will hand-deliver this Appeal to the governments of all nations during the month of October. Please contact me at [email protected] if you wish to volunteer.

The assault on life by radio waves that began in 1896 — that is now increasing so rapidly, and is injuring so many people and so many forms of life — must finally be acknowledged, and it must finally be halted. We do not have much time. Scientists, doctors, government officials, and injured people must all meet together in one place to put a stop to it. It is the most immediate threat to life on Earth, and its solution is therefore the key to our survival. If we can stop 5G, then maybe we can also stop the threats to our forests, oceans, atmosphere, and climate. They are all products of unbridled technologies that we think are necessary for modern life, but are really antithetical to life itself.
Sign the Appeal
130,000 Signatures So Far

The International Appeal to Stop 5G on Earth and in Space has now been translated into 30 languages. It has been signed, thus far, by more than 129,000 individuals and more than 1,100 organizations from 203 countries and territories. They include:

3,381 scientists
1,913 medical doctors
5,848 engineers
3,525 psychologists, psychotherapists and social workers
3,052 nurses

All signatures are now on our website, and the number of signatures is now updated in real time automatically.

I have just added a new category of signers: beekeepers. This is because beekeepers from around the world are signing in increasing numbers, and because 5G poses such a threat to honey bees worldwide.

*** Organizations that signed between June 3 and July 28 should sign again. For reasons that are not clear, all organization signatures submitted between June 3 and July 28 were blocked by my email provider and those signatures are lost. The problem has been fixed. Please alert all organizations that you are associated with that if they signed the Appeal during that time and their name does not appear on the Organizations page of our website, they should sign again, here: https://www.5gSpaceAppeal.org/sign-organization.

NEWS FROM AROUND THE WORLD

Satellite Launches

Elon Musk’s company, SpaceX, plans to launch 12,000 satellites to supply 5G globally from space. The first 60 satellites were launched on May 23, 2019 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The second set of 60 satellites are scheduled to be launched on November 17; the third set of 60 satellites on December 4. As soon as 420 satellites are launched, SpaceX plans to begin providing global 5G service to a limited number of customers. This must not happen . The activation of 5G satellites in space threatens catastrophic effects, as early as this coming spring — not from the direct radiation, but from the alteration of the Earth’s electromagnetic environment, upon which everyone depends for their life and health. Details are in this article: Planetary Emergency.

Elon’s younger brother, Kimbal Musk, who is on SpaceX’s board of directors, lives in Boulder, Colorado, and is an environmentalist who cares about the Earth and our future. One of the organizations he founded, Big Green, has dozens of officers and team members and has installed raised bed “Learning Gardens” in public schools throughout the area. I am reaching out to all my contacts in Boulder, to see if any of them knows someone connected with Kimbal Musk and can get us an appointment with him.

Birds in Peril

Canadian scientists with the National Research Council proved already in the 1960s that bird feathers make good receiving aerials for microwave radiation and that low-level microwaves cause birds distress, deteriorated health and mortality. Spanish biologist Alfonso Balmori has proved that radio waves interfere with nesting and reproduction. Scientists at the University of Oldenburg in Germany have proved that radio waves interfere with bird migration.

Two week ago, I received a phone call from geneticist Julian Northey in Ontario, Canada. He told me that last year, many Canadian geese were so disoriented that they never flew south for the winter. He observed flocks of geese near the shore of Lake Ontario, flying due east one day, due west the following day, and due east the day after that. In the dead of winter, in January and into February, when they should have been south in a warmer climate, they were still in Canada flying back and forth, unable to find their bearings, honking and honking in distress.

Unlike irradiated humans, irradiated birds are not on anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medications. Instead, they are attacking people. “Proving Hitchcock Right, Bird Attacks Are Turning Violent This Summer”, read a July 15, 2019 headline in the Wall Street Journal . In Massachusetts, Minnesota, British Columbia, Montana, Colorado and Illinois, red-winged blackbirds, crows, hawks and wild turkeys are divebombing people and whacking them in the head.

In Bulgaria in June, 5G was tested for the first time in Sofia. According to an email I received on July 17 from a 20-year-old girl who lives there, this resulted in the deaths of more than 700 pigeons — reminiscent of an earlier, similar report from The Hague.

Where have all the Birds Gone?” asked Max Silverman on July 1, 2019 in his Birding Diary from England. “I have been out with the camera several times since my last blog which was over a month ago now but have really struggled to find any birds to point the camera at,” he writes.

Here in Santa Fe, New Mexico, Richard Balthazar wrote on July 1, 2019: “This past week I’ve been horrified to see the cherries ripening on the tree next door — and simply hanging there till over-ripe and falling to litter the ground. Always before, as the cherries started to turn red, the tree would be a-flutter with flocks of birds pecking the heck out of them. Now I’ve seen no more than three of our little birds struggling to reach a fruit or two. Where have all the birds gone?”

Insect Armageddon

This youtube video from California showing dead and dying bees falling out of the air near mobile phone antennas has been circulating recently.

Alongside birds, the world’s insect populations are plummeting just as drastically, if not more so. This is not surprising, considering that all insects have antennae, with which they detect their environment and communicate with one another. This is explained in the important booklet, Bees, Birds and Mankind: Destroying Nature by ‘Electrosmog’ , published in 2007 by German biologist Ulrich Warnke.

In the last two years, scientists worldwide are waking up to this emergency. In 2017, scientists reported that the number of flying insects in 63 protect nature areas in Germany had declined by 75 to 80 percent since 1989. In September 2018, scientists reported that the number of insects caught in sticky traps in a Puerto Rican rainforest had declined, incredibly, by 97 to 98 percent since the 1970s. And in January 2019, scientists from Australia and Belgium concluded that these types of declines are occurring worldwide and among all types of insects. On February 10, 2019, a headline in The Guardian announced: “Plummeting insect numbers ‘threaten collapse of nature’”. Some scientists are blaming this on pesticides, habitat loss, or climate change. Others are throwing up their hands and saying “We don’t know why this is happening.”

But it has been happening for a long time. By 1906, ninety percent of the honey bees had disappeared from the Isle of Wight, where Marconi had established his first permanent radio station. The progression from “Isle of Wight disease” to “disappearing disease” to “colony collapse disorder” to “insect armageddon” has brought us to the brink of catastrophe. We do know why, and it must , finally, be halted.

“It Feels Like I’m Living in a Microwave Oven”

One day in April of this year, 5G antennas were installed near an apartment building in Geneva, Switzerland. Johan Perruchoud, age 29, a video and film maker who lives on the fifth floor, suddenly couldn’t sleep, and his ears started whistling. “In particular at home,” he says, “I felt —how can I put it — like I was in a microwave oven. I was not well in the house, as if I was surrounded by ghosts.”

His neighbor, actor and director Elidan Arzoni, age 50, fared worse. On the same day in April, his ears suddenly started making very loud sounds, so loud that it is “unlivable”, and he felt pains on the left side and back of his skull, and in his chest. His chest pains were so violent that he thought he was having a heart attack and went to the hospital emergency room two days later. His wife and three children, ages 9, 16 and 21, all suffer from insomnia, which began at the same time in April.

I received an email at the end of May from a social worker in Vancouver, Canada. She works for the Vancouver Coastal Health Authority. “Vancouver is seriously radioactive. Someone please help me,” she wrote. I spoke with her and she echoed Mr. Arzoni’s words: her city is unlivable. Vancouver is leading the way in Canada in the installation of 5G.
DONATIONS ARE URGENTLY NEEDED

Thank you to all who have already donated. Alongside the International Appeal to Stop 5G on Earth and in Space, we are funding a lawsuit to stop 5G in the United States. Our goal is to raise one million dollars. This would pay our lawyers, and it would buy publicity around the world. Please contact me if you can help with fundraising. Donations from ten dollars up to a few thousand dollars can be made on our website, here:
Donate
For larger donations, please contact me. Donations from U.S. residents are tax-deductible.

I have about 1,000 copies left of my book, The Invisible Rainbow: A History of Electricity and Life . You can purchase it here. All proceeds go to support the campaign to stop 5G. It is the first book ever published that tells the history and science of electricity, including radio waves, from an environmental point of view, with chapters on cancer, heart disease and diabetes, as well as birds, insects, forests and wildlife. Dr. Kate Showers of the University of Sussex has likened it to Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring . When these last 1,000 are sold out, I will issue a second edition. Please contact me if you are a publisher who would like to publish the second edition, in English or any other language.

Arthur Firstenberg, Administrator
International Appeal to Stop 5G on Earth and in Space
Email: [email protected]
https://www.5gSpaceAppeal.org

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