20 Nov 2008 19:15
Subject: Here Are the Mini Nukes That Power the Death Towers
Greetings. I saw an email address on your forum, and I hope that this reaches you.
I used to email with you a ways back. We had discussed using/putting TBs on boats. You actually did it, WOW.
I followed your progress down in FLA. Now I see you are gifting via aircraft too. BTW, I purchased a Zapper from you back then, and use it all the time.
I use velcro and strap it to my wrist. FYI, with the Zapper strapped, I pet an scratch gently all over our cat. He is seventeen plus yrs old. He had kidney/bladder troubles and almost died. and along wiht a Vet, and the Zapper we actually saved his life, and he is doing fine, a little senile tho.
I have anothr idea and want to kick it off with you. Maybe it is time to use the old saying, Hide, in plain site.
My son was active Navy and was involved w/Nuke subs. He now works as a security officer at a Nuke Power Facility.
Question, could a Carol Pendant be special painted and a Navy, NRC, or any rank pic or logo be also painted or decaled on the pendant and will it still gift the DOR ? Also could a DB and/or Pirimid be also painted and some kind of LOGO or pic or even a military rank and name be put on it? This could act as a paper weight and be on a desk in some nuke facility?
Also these could be given as gifts (sic) to military or gov’t promotions w/ logos and names? Sailors/marines etc, could have them on the carriers, and subs? Even in the Pentagon, or Langley….Camp Legune….
Anyway another matter. I have copied below the announcement for mini nuclear reactor plants and the original DOE/Army mini nuke plants, which may be similiar powering those towers. Don’t know if you were aware of this.
Also, would be nice to know who makes/manufactures those mini nuc power reactors for the &6597578)))9. Maybe someone can come up with some ideas and follow the mini power reactor thing and gift them when they are installed?
My body getting old, but my mind still clear (over 70yrs old now.)
Thanks for all that, Robert, and good to hear from you again! If your son can get orgonite into the plant he’ll be saving a lot of lives by preventing cancer in nearly everyone there Wink
There’s no need to camouflage orgonite gifts, don’t worry, and if your son will wear a HP or other orgonite pendant under his uniform he’s going to remain free of radiation/DOR siickness. Nothing shields people from teh DOR in nuke plants, after all–not even lead does that but orgonite transmutes the energy so it doesn’t harm the recipient.
I’m going to post this mini nuke info, thx! Carol has been seeing energy signatures of mini nukes all over the landscape (though under it, of course), ever since the death towers got thrown up in late 2001.
Inexpensive, uncomplicated free energy tech is already available, once the inventors around the world stop getting extorted and murdered by teh CIA and MI6. I think that will happen as soon as there’s enough transition tech among the populace, pretty soon.
Mini nuclear reactor
Mini nuclear reactor could power apartment blocks
- 19:00 22 August 2001 by Peter Hadfield and Michael Fitzpatrick
nuclear reactor designed to generate power in the basement of an apartment block is being developed in Japan. In the past few months government-backed researchers have been testing a fail-safe mechanism for the reactor, which will close down automatically if it overheats.
The Rapid-L reactor was conceived as a powerhouse for colonies on the Moon. But at six metres high and only two metres wide this 200-kilowatt reactor could relatively easily fit into the basement of an office building or apartment block, where it would have to be housed in a solid containment building.
“In the future it will be quite difficult to construct further large nuclear power plants because of site restrictions,” says Mitsuru Kambe, head of the research team at Japan’s Central Research Institute of Electrical Power Industry (CRIEPI).
“To relieve peak loads in the near future, I believe small, modular reactors located in urban areas such as Tokyo Bay will be effective,” he says. Kambe’s research is being financed by the Japan’s Atomic Energy Research Institute.
Unlike normal nuclear reactors, the Rapid-L has no control rods to regulate the reaction. Instead, it uses reservoirs of molten lithium-6 – an isotope that is effective at absorbing neutrons. The reservoirs are connected to a vertical tube that runs through the reactor core.
During normal operation the tube contains an inert gas. But as the temperature of the reactor rises, the liquid lithium expands, compressing the inert gas and entering the core to absorb neutrons and slow down the reaction.
The lithium acts as a liquid control rod. And unlike solid control rods, which have to be inserted mechanically, the liquid expands naturally when the core gets warm.
The Rapid-L uses the same principle to start up and close down the reaction. The reactor would be cooled by molten sodium and run at about 530 Â°C. Kambe’s main concern now is to test the fail-safe system’s long-term durability.
The research “is part of the effort being made in the US and in Japan to develop reactors which do not need hardware to keep them safe,” says John Gittus of the University of Plymouth. “Rapid power plants could be used in developing countries where remote regions cannot be conveniently connected to the main grid,” says Kambe.
“The success of such a reactor depends on the acceptance of the public, the electricity utilities and the government,” Kambe admits.
But Malcolm Grimston, a nuclear expert at the Royal Institute of International Affairs, is sceptical that the Japanese people could be persuaded of the reactor’s safety.
“There’s nothing wrong with the concept,” says Grimston. “But if the Japanese public won’t now accept big reactors for safety reasons, then you have to wonder what the response would be building lots of small reactors in the middle of cities.”
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Nuclear Energy to go, Self Contained Reactor.
NUCLEAR energy supplies 20 percent of the electricity used in the U.S. and 16 percent of that used throughout the world. But as the global use of nuclear energy grows, so do concerns about the vulnerability of nuclear plants and fuel materials to misuse or attacks by terrorists. A Livermore team is part of a Department of Energy (DOE) collaboration that is addressing both the growing need for nuclear energy and the concern over nuclear proliferation by pursuing a concept called SSTAR, a small, sealed, transportable, autonomous reactor.
SSTAR is designed to be a self-contained reactor in a tamper-resistant container. The goal is to provide reliable and cost-effective electricity, heat, and freshwater. The design could also be adapted to produce hydrogen for use as an alternative fuel for passenger cars.
Most commercial nuclear reactors are large light-water reactors (LWRs) designed to generate 1,000 megawatts electric (MWe) or more. Significant capital investments are required to build these reactors and manage the nuclear fuel cycle. Many developing countries do not need such large increments of electricity. They also do not have the large-scale energy infrastructure required to install conventional nuclear power plants or personnel trained to operate them. These countries could benefit from smaller energy systems, such as SSTAR, that use automated controls, require less maintenance work, and provide reliable power for as long as 30 years before needing refueling or replacement.
Many of the countries in need of nuclear energy are among the 187 nations that have signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) enacted in 1970. Under the terms of this treaty, the five acknowledged nuclear-weapon statesâ€”the U.S., Russian Federation, United Kingdom, France, and Chinaâ€”agreed not to transfer nuclear weapons, other nuclear explosive devices, or related technology to those signatory states that have no nuclear weapons. These nonnuclear states agreed not to acquire or produce nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices, and in exchange, they have access to peaceful nuclear technology developed by the five nuclear signatories. Unfortunately, the NPT has some weaknesses, as demonstrated by the recent disagreements with Iran and North Korea. Although both countries had signed the NPT, their nuclear energy programs are not in keeping with their treaty agreements.
To address this problem, DOE is funding an initiative to develop a conceptual design of a reactor that will deliver nuclear energy to developing countries and significantly reduce the proliferation concern associated with expanded use of nuclear power. Three national laboratories are collaborating on this initiative. Lawrence Livermore, which leads the collaboration, is researching materials and coolants for the reactor and evaluating how it can be deployed. Argonne is designing the reactor, and Los Alamos is contributing its expertise on coolant and fuel technologies.
The SSTAR design will accomplish DOEâ€™s goals by allowing the U.S. to provide a tamper-resistant reactor to a nonnuclear state while still safeguarding the nationâ€™s sensitive nuclear technology. SSTAR will also secure the nuclear fuel because, after its operation, the sealed reactor will be returned to a secure recycling facility for refueling or maintenance.
Designed to be deployable anywhere in the world, SSTAR may also meet a national need. In the U.S., the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) oversees more than 100 nuclear power plants that were built during the 1960s and 1970s. SSTAR would provide a secure and cost-effective system to replace older nuclear reactors as well as aging fossil-fuel plants, particularly in an isolated location.
Schematic of a self-contained nuclear reactor.
Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Argonne national laboratories are designing a self-contained nuclear reactor with tamper-resistant features. Called SSTAR (small, sealed, transportable, autonomous reactor), this next-generation reactor will produce 10 to 100 megawatts electric and can be safely transported on ship or by a heavy-haul transport truck. In this schematic of one conceptual design being considered, the reactor is enclosed in a transportation cask.
One Size Fitting Many Needs
SSTAR is designed as a lead-cooled fast reactor (LFR) that can supply 10 to 100 MWe with a reactor system that can be transported in a shipping cask. Fast reactors typically use liquid metal coolants, such as lead, leadâ€“bismuth, or sodium, instead of water. Neutron kinetic energy is about 250 kiloelectronvolts in LFRsâ€”much greater than in LWRs, where the low mass of hydrogen in the water coolant slows neutron velocity and, thus, energy to about 0.025 to 0.05 electronvolt. With fast-moving neutrons, SSTAR could produce the fissile material it needs to fuel continued operation at the same time that it generates energy. Spent fuel in the form of uranium and plutonium would remain in the reactor to generate power for up to 30 years. The spent reactor would then be returned to a secure recycling facility to close the fuel cycle and to minimize the high-level wastes generated by nuclear reactors, thus reducing the space and infrastructure needed for the long-term storage of radioactive wastes. The concept for recycling is to have almost all of the waste burned in the reactorâ€™s core.
According to project leader Craig Smith, a nuclear engineer in Livermoreâ€™s Energy and Environment Directorate, the reactor will be about 15 meters tall by 3 meters wide and will not weigh more than 500 tonsâ€”small and lightweight enough to be transported on a ship and by a heavy-haul transport truck. â€œWith SSTAR, countries wonâ€™t need a large nuclear reactor industry to benefit from nuclear energy,â€? says Smith. â€œBecause the supplier nation will provide both the reactor and the associated fuel-cycle services, the host nation can produce electricity without needing an independent supply of uranium or other fuel at the front end of the cycle. The host nation also wonâ€™t have to dispose of the nuclear waste at the back end of the cycle.â€?
In addition, the current SSTAR design reduces the potential for a terrorist to divert or misuse the nuclear materials and technology. Nuclear fuel will be contained within the sealed, tamper-resistant reactor vessel when it is shipped to its destination, and the spent reactor core will be returned to the supplier for recycling.
SSTAR addresses proliferation concerns with other features as well. No refueling is necessary during the reactorâ€™s operation, which eliminates access to and long-term storage of nuclear materials on-site. The design also includes detection and signaling systems to identify actions that threaten the security of the reactor. And because of the reactorâ€™s small size and its thermal and nuclear characteristics, the design can include a passive method to shut down and cool the reactor in response to hardware or control failures.
Graphic showing SSTAR being transported on a ship and by a heavy-haul transport truck.
When it is upright, SSTAR will be about 15 meters high and 3 meters wide, and its total weight will not exceed 500 tons. This compact size will allow the nuclear reactor to be transported on a ship and by a heavy-haul transport truck.
Reduced Operating Costs
SSTAR also offers potential cost reductions over conventional nuclear reactors. Using lead or leadâ€“bismuth as a cooling material instead of water eliminates the large, high-pressure vessels and piping needed to contain the reactor coolant. The low pressure of the lead coolant also allows for a more compact reactor because the steam generator can be incorporated into the reactor vessel. Plus with no refueling downtime and no spent fuel rods to be managed, the reactor can produce energy continuously and with fewer personnel.
SSTAR may also reduce costs for the transportation industry by providing a cheaper source of fuel to power passenger cars. Because LFRs can potentially operate at high temperatures (up to about 800Â°C), the reactor can be used to generate the heat required for efficient production of hydrogen, which is the preferred fuel for fuel-cell vehicles and hybrid vehicles burning hydrogen in an internal combustion engine. (See S&TR, June 2003, Flexibly Fueled Storage Tank Brings Hydrogen-Powered Cars Closer to Reality.) As oil production becomes more expensive and constraints on carbon dioxide emissions tighten, the search for alternatives to fossil fuels becomes more important. SSTAR has the potential to address a critical national and international need for the future.
Tackling the Design Challenges
Several challenges must be addressed before the SSTAR design is ready for prototype testing. The Livermore team must develop materials for the fuel and coolant boundary that are compatible with the coolant. Lead, especially when alloyed with bismuth, tends to corrode the fuel cladding and structural steel. Controlling the oxygen in the coolant will help reduce corrosion. In addition, the team must identify materials that would best withstand the damaging effects of long-term exposure to fast neutrons. Structural damage could include material swelling and ductility loss, both of which may limit the life of the reactor.
In 2003, the Laboratoryâ€™s SSTAR team participated in a feasibility study with a team from the Central Research Institute for Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) in Japan. In this study, the two teams evaluated a modified design, developed by the Japanese team, for a small liquid metalâ€“cooled reactor using sodium as a coolant. A scientist from CRIEPI is now working at Livermore, and the teams are sharing the results from their respective projects.
Passive safety features also will be developed to ensure that any failure in the control system will shut down the reactor and initiate a natural convection system to cool the reactor core and reactor vessel. The characteristics of these features will depend on the geometry and mechanical support system provided for the nuclear reactor. In addition, the prototype will test the performance of the passive safety features and the system designed to monitor them.
Because the spent reactor will be radioactive, the research team must develop packaging and transportation systems so the reactor can be removed safely. The team also must design a process to cool the reactor while it is being shipped to the recycling facility. The design criteria for meeting these challenges may affect the maximum power level that can be achieved.
NRC plans to certify the SSTAR design using a new license-by-test approach, rather than the license-by-design approach that it used to certify most of the existing commercial nuclear power plants. NRCâ€™s license-by-test process is similar to the certification process used by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration for commercial airliners. To be certified, the SSTAR prototype must demonstrate in a test environment that it can safely withstand accidents, including the most improbable ones such as failure of the active shutdown and shutdown heat-removal systems.
But the tri-laboratory collaboration has more work to do before an SSTAR demonstration. According to Smith, the team plans to refine the SSTAR design and then develop a prototype reactor, which could be ready for testing as early as 2015. The Livermore team feels confident that SSTAR will provide a new-generation reactorâ€”one that is safe, proliferation-resistant, and able to operate anywhere in the world.
Key Words: Central Research Institute for Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI); lead-cooled fast reactor (LFR); Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT); nuclear reactor; small, sealed, transportable, autonomous reactor (SSTAR).
For further information contact Craig Smith (925) 423-1772 ([email protected]).
Portable Nuclear ‘Hot Tubs’ Could Power America
Monday, November 10, 2008
By Paul Wagenseil
Yes, I DO want a nuclear reactor in my back yard.
That’s what Hyperion Power Generation, a small Santa Fe, N.M.-based startup, hopes lots of utility and energy companies say over the next few years as it prepares to build and market small, self-contained, portable nuclear reactors that need almost no oversight or maintenance.
“Our goal is to generate electricity for 10 cents a watt anywhere in the world,” Hyperion CEO John Deal told Britain’s Observer newspaper in an article published Sunday. “They will cost approximately $25 million each. For a community with 10,000 households, that is a very affordable $2,500 per home.”
In fact, Hyperion claims its sealed, buried reactors, which would be 10-15 feet long and about 10 feet wide, could power 20,000 homes for 7 to 10 years. At that point they’d be dug up and hauled back to the plant for refueling.
The portable, self-regulating nuclear reactor isn’t a new one, and many companies and organizations have been trying to develop them.
Based on the low-maintenance TRIGA research reactors found at many American universities, the various designs all use a form of liquid metal to both carry the excess heat away from the core reaction and to absorb stray neutrons, moderating the reaction should it approach meltdown.
Hyperion Power Generation
An illustration showing a Hyperion reactor powering a water-cleaning plant in an African village.
Toshiba has been developing a portable reactor, dubbed Rapid-L, that uses liquid lithium-6 as coolant and moderator, while the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s SSTAR design (Small, Sealed, Transportable Autonomous Reactor) uses liquid lead hydride instead.
Both use traditional solid low-enriched uranium as fuel.
The Hyperion design, licensed from the DOE’s Los Alamos National Laboratory, takes things one step further by swapping out enriched uranium hydride for the chemically similar lead hydride.
That means the same pool of molten metal is encased in a buried “hot tub” and acting as fuel, coolant and moderator all at once. If the reaction gets too hot, Hyperion claims, the hydrogen atoms will chemically separate from the uranium, stopping the reaction.
And as with the other designs, the Hyperion reactor’s container would be tamper-proof so bad guys would have a hard time breaking in and stealing the nuclear fuel.
Not that they would be able to, claims Deal.
“Temperature-wise it’s too hot to handle,” he tells the Observer. “It would be like stealing a barbecue with your bare hands.”